This herb can withstand the coldest winter months and is an excellent addition to soups and teas. However, many perennial plants such as roses, peonies, and hibiscus can also be grown outdoors in containers and kept alive through winter. If shielded from the wind, this winter flower will add a burst of colour to your snowy garden. During this time they rely on their storage organs to survive while resting underground. To grow brassicas in winter, plant them in an outdoor seedbed in late spring or early summer. You can see a beautiful white-flowered specimen in The Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden in Vancouver’s Chinatown. The trick is to wait until after the blooms have finished (usually in April) to give the plants a haircut with your hedging shears. How do you put your garden to bed for winter? Save money and enjoy the bounty of your own vegetable garden with these veggies that can grow through winter. From the editors of BCLiving, a seasonal subscription box of beauty products & decor treasures. The clusters of flowers face downward and are surrounded by soft hairy calyces. Here are some of the best flowers that will either grow or survive underground in fall and winter. Potted strawberries need a bit of extra protection to survive winter. For a winter harvest, plant a generous amount in slightly alkaline soil in early to mid August. The key to their success is well-drained soil, making them ideal for planting on slopes or in raised beds. Plant one near an entry to your home so its fragrance can be enjoyed by everyone who comes and goes. It is a shrub that reaches about three metres in height and is hardy to –20°C. You can also start them indoors in seed trays or pots. Known for its vibrant red twigs, the Red Twig Dogwood stays red year-round, making for a nice complement to evergreens in your winter garden. Winter-hardy succulents like many Sedum, Sempervivum, Agave, Ice Plant, Lewisa, and Yucca will overwinter well up to Zone 5-6 and higher. This plant is ideal for growing in a pot, as ground cover, or as a tree—being able to grow more than 50 feet high if allowed. Persimmon. What’s more, they won’t rot, mold or mildew for years of use. Once the plants are hardened by … In fact, the southern coast and southern Vancouver provide ideal growing conditions for a number of winter-flowering plants. To help them survive the winter and look beautiful next summer, cut down the stems and add 3 to 4 inches of mulch for insulation. Aloe Vera is one of the easy indoor winter plants. It can reach two feet in height and width. And then lasting through winter with silver foliage. These shrubs flower from spring to mid-summer. In the Asian garden at UBC, when all the rhododendrons were planted 20 years ago, their planting holes were filled with compost derived from city street leaves that had been composting for four years or more. Those of us who live in these regions also know that our winter begins with the monsoons of November and ends in February, no matter what official dates the calendar may dictate. Canada's #1 Indoor & House Plants Delivery Service! This lovely quote from the book Shrubs by Roger Phillips and Martyn Rix (Random House) says it all: “Prunus mume is of great and defined beauty, but rare in cultivation.” If you stumble upon one in a garden centre, buy it, bring it home and plant it immediately. Hostas – Hardy to zone three, these shade loving perennials can survive some pretty tough weather … In winter, the lack of sunlight prevents green plants from photosynthesizing and creating food and the below-freezing temperatures stop water circulation in the plant’s sap. Conifers take a back seat; their value to winter landscapes goes without saying, so we're limiting their representation to two entries here. In a few weeks or months, depending on where you live, you will need to prepare your garden for the winter months. +1-855-908-2882 Rhododendron barbatum isn’t as easy to find in garden centres but is worth seeking out at specialized nurseries or rhododendron society sales. To enhance the beauty of these winter gems, be sure to give them a dark backdrop, such as an evergreen hedge or dark-stained fence. Jonathan is a member of Landscape Ontario, the International Concrete Paving Industry (ICPI), Canadian Nursery Landscape Association (CNLA), and is a Tech-Pro contractor. With these winter landscaping plant tips from your local Ottawa landscaping professionals, your garden can survive and be beautiful year-round, even in the coldest weather. Hosta grows back bigger and better every spring after even the harshest winters. Primrose. It combines information about a variety of climatic conditions across the entire country to produce a single map. As far as soil goes, this viburnum isn’t too fussy. Garlic. It’s also a favourite food among birds that stick around Ottawa for winter. This wonderful rhododendron comes to us from the Himalayas and blooms as early as February in milder winters. Thus, in preparing for winter, it's crucial to understand just what kind of cold affects your garden. When you choose perennials for containers, you need to consider their climate adaptability. Its vibrant mint green changes to a purple-brown once the cold weather arrives. Collards will taste sweeter if harvested after a frost. Free Shipping Over $100! This succulent can withstand Zones 3 to 4 winters. Because winter flowers bloom during the darkest days of the year, they are all the more precious and deserve a place in your garden that is not only sheltered, but that allows you to easily view the blooms from the comfort of your favourite chair indoors. They just need nutrient-rich soil, mulch, and protection from pests. The early winter flowers tend to be white whereas those that open from December onward are quite pink. Birds also love Snowberry shrubs. As a tropical plant, it requires a warm temperature, but it does not… This succulent can withstand Zones 3 to 4 winters. As a small tree it can reach eight metres in height, making it ideal as a specimen tree for the smaller garden. Check locally to find out exactly which plants survive outdoors all year […] Cold-resistant perennials and other plants survive the winter in a resting stage underground. The other advantage of having this shrub at nose level is that the flowers smell delicately of lemon. While not as cold-hardy as kale and collards, Swiss Chard can handle the first and last frosts of the winter season. Preparing Your Garden For Winter. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. If you taste one before it is … ‘Purrsian Blue’ Catmint is also deer resistant and drought tolerant. To view some good specimens of these winter beauties, visit the UBC Botanical Garden or the superb Doris Page Winter Garden at the Horticulture Centre of the Pacific on Vancouver Island anytime from December through February. In cold-winter climate areas, many container-grown perennials, trees, and shrubs can’t be left out in the elements — even if the same plants growing in the ground are perfectly hardy. This tree comes to us from Europe, is hardy to –25°C and so easy to grow throughout much of B.C. This frost-resistant flower thrives in shady gardens and most soils and climates since it is hardy in Zones 2 to 7. Although Ottawa gets unbearably cold in winter, you can still have a beautiful garden year-round with the right plants and flowers. They are basically dormant from September until April. Other plants, such as trees and shrubs, are hardy enough to survive the winter above ground. Winters may be long and cold, but your garden can allay that dreariness and be transformed into a place of natural beauty with visually arresting textures, colors, fragrance and flowers. Prunus mume is the much-revered winter plum of ancient classical Chinese gardens. It can grow up to three feet tall, and it develops stunning flowers in white, pink, red, orange, and purple. It isn’t too fussy about soil conditions but hates to have waterlogged roots over winter. It is native to the mountains of Europe and Asia Minor. This beautiful flower is super tough, staying in bloom from early summer to the fall frost. BCLiving keeps you in the know on everything West Coast, highlighting local trends, eats, entertainment and travel ideas. Cabbages and Kales Ornamental kale and cabbage are some of the most popular winter annual plants. Time to spruce up your landscaping? This is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the winter-flowering plants available to B.C. This gem of a plant is virtually indestructible, looking green and healthy even after months … This will allow every bloom to show up to perfection. Kale will usually survive freezing temperatures, but you can protect the leaves from … Technically the tree is an apricot native to China but widely grown in Japan, hence its often-used common name, Japanese apricot. Like all bulbs, snowdrops need well-drained soil and if you are particularly interested in them there are other December-blooming ones worth seeking out. Kale is one of the easiest plants to grow and cold weather only sweetens its flavor. Collards tolerate freezing temperatures, and can even be harvested throughout the winter in Zone 8 and higher. Also known as Echinacea, most varieties of this pretty wildflower are hardy to Zone 3 or 4. Galanthus nivalis is an amazing little snowdrop hardy to zone 4, making it definitely garden-worthy throughout much of the province. The synthetic materials used provide superior performance and longevity over natural fiber products. To help Wild Columbine and other perennials survive well in the winter, consider lightly covering their garden beds with shredded fall leaves. Boxwood Hedge is a favourite for landscaping in Ottawa. The many clusters of minute, star-like, yellow flowers that cover this small tree in late February are often mistaken from afar for witch hazel (Hamamelis). To add winter interest, consider leaving the seed heads on the... Peony. Copyright © Canada Wide Media Limited. Plant bulbs that flower in the spring; Pull up any dying plants/remove dead … Jonathan’s always got an eye on innovation and is always looking ahead to see what’s on the horizon in the industry. This particular specimen is in very well-drained soil planted above a drystone retainer wall. One particular grouping in a garden close to UBC used to always bloom late December or early January. To help your perennials rest through the freeze/thaw cycle, trim back dead foliage and cover with mulch for insulation. He works hard to stay on top of current guidelines, practices, and regulations. Whether you’ve recently upgraded the landscaping around your home or are planning to make a change come spring, if you’re a Canadian resident, consider adding gorgeous plants and flowers to your landscape design that survive (and thrive) throughout harsh Canadian winters. By cultivating a variety of plants that flower successively throughout the fall, winter and spring, you can help feed the bees during the coldest months when few blooms are available. See 10 tips on how to winterize your garden beds—from covering garden soil to protecting trees and shrubs. While some of these plants are hardy in Interior and northern gardens, keep in mind that they may not bloom in these regions until early spring. There are a lot of great things you can do for your garden in the fall and winter. In gardening, winter is defined as the time of year when most perennials become dormant. These pretty perennials have a long lifespan and actually need a cold period in order to have a healthy bloom in... Monarda. Cyclamen blooms in fall with stunning flowers. You betcha. Look for unusual leaf colour like blue spruce, Juniper Blue Star or yellow and gold conifers. It has the deepest-red trusses of flowers that are heavy with nectar (while the nectar tastes sweet, too much can be toxic). The berries grow in autumn and last into the winter. Talk to your local Ottawa landscaping experts to design a lush, vibrant garden that will survive and even thrive in the cold fall and winter months. Mandevilla plants in winter survive the season in fine shape if you live in a tropical climate that falls within the temperature ranges of USDA plant hardiness zones 9 and above. In 2008, following a successful career as a member of the Canadian Alpine Ski Team, Jonathan Robert stepped into the landscaping industry, starting Jonathan Robert Landscapes. To help them bloom spring, trim back dead foliage in autumn. It’s so tough, it can take over your garden if you don’t keep an eye on it. Let's look at some popular plants exhibiting these characteristics. Here’s a look at some of the most popular outside plants for winter, due to their appearance and resistance to cold weather. The sweetly scented flowers are borne in tight clusters at the tip of every branch and side spur. ZZ Plant. It is a small tree hardy to –15°C. Previous Next. While these shrubs are known for their white bulbs and berries, they also come in different colours, like pink and red. One member of the sedum family—Dragon’s Blood—turns red in autumn. It can withstand the frigid winter weather and keep your garden looking green. Plant Combinations, Flowerbeds Ideas, Winter Garden, Early Spring Garden. On the coast it often starts to bloom before its leaves have dropped in early November and continues on and off right through to late February. Winter typically marks the end to gardening season for most Canadians, but fortunately for many British Columbians, we can grow winter plants and flowers year-round. Please join me for an update on our winter garden after a week of subzero temperatures and a low of -23°F (-31°C). While lettuce grows better in spring and autumn, you can keep it growing indoors throughout the winter. These pretty perennials have a long lifespan and actually need a cold period in order to have a healthy bloom in spring. This flower blooms in late spring to early summer. Try growing brassicas in your winter garden. And then, in autumn and winter, they grow red, orange, or yellow berries. Cold is the major factor inducing plant dormancy. Potato crops can thrive in cold winters. Frilly pink ornamental cabbages look great in containers while photinia and euonymous light up borders. Call: Plants and Flowers That Can Withstand Canadian Winters, Pros of Working with an In-House Landscape Designer, Common Landscaping Mistakes Cottage Owners Make. Borders and clusters of flowers attract more pollinators than solitary flowers dispersed throughout the garden. Like hostas, primroses have shallow roots that should be protected by mulch in the winter to retain moisture. We searched for these snowdrops every year to remind ourselves that spring was just around the corner, even if it was still January. Violas | Take it from the alpine mountains where these flowers bloom gloriously even in the freezing … But with that said, winter care is pretty simple and straightforward as long as you bring them in out of harms way. Many varieties of this gorgeous pink-and-yellow nodding flower are hardy to Zone 4. And the most amazing thing is that just like clockwork, their blossoms start to show colour early to mid-February, whatever the weather. The Siberian Iris isn’t only resistant to cold winters, being hardy in Zone 3, but it is also animal pest-resistant and can handle both wet and dry soils. There are many named cultivars in the group; a couple to look out for would be ‘Springwood White’ and ‘Springwood Pink.’ I have fond memories of seeing these interplanted with the tiny bluish-purple Iris reticulata in Winterthur garden in Pennsylvania many years ago. I didn’t have a camera at the time but the image remains vivid in my mind. Hellebores. These NuVue Synthetic Winter Wrapz™ plant covers are universally sized for tree, shrub, hanging plant or outdoor items. While some plants can survive winter, others will die. This evergreen can withstand the arctic cold of Siberia, so it will undoubtedly survive Ottawa’s frigid winters. Potted strawberry plants are a bit more susceptible to the freezing temperatures of winter than those planted in the ground. This one is also only suitable for the milder parts of the province where it can tolerate temperatures down to –15°C. I have also seen people treat it as a shrub by keeping it pruned. English Primrose. Discover how our team of certified Ottawa landscapers can help you fulfill your home’s potential. Broccoli can withstand below-freezing temperatures and can be harvested in late autumn or early spring. Spinach will survive the winter months. You can see a beautiful white-flowered specimen in The Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden … Perennials are known to last the winter, resting until the warm weather returns. Christmas rose. We list vegetables, herbs, berry patches, perennials, roses, trees and shrubs so you're covered! You can also try berrying shrubs like holly, cotoneaster and pyracantha. This slow-growth evergreen shrub is small and has stunning yellow-green leaves. It helps clear bronchitis and mucus as well. Prunus mume is the much-revered winter plum of ancient classical Chinese gardens. SOFT WINTER COVERS. Again, this is a generalization and many of the varietals in each family will have more or less cold-hardiness. At maturity the shrub is only about two metres in height and needs to be planted on a bank or above a retainer wall so that one can view the flowers from below. Cornus mas is better known as Cornelian cherry for the fruits that form later in the year. Winter Vegetables Go Dormant. Popular Plants for Visual Interest in Winter . Most primroses bloom in spring or summer—but the English primrose starts showing off in winter. For over 50 years, Jonathan Robert Landscapes has been transforming homes to match the vision and dreams of our clients. Some are hardy to zone 5, and I saw some doing beautifully in a Kamloops garden earlier this year. They are quite woody perennials and like all heathers, bloom best on the current season’s growth. At least that’s what I’m working towards. Be warned: they take a few years to reach blooming stage. Today, instead of going over the hundreds of ways to winterize, I wanted to share 5 … The following is a list of popular plants for adding visual interest in winter. Growing garlic couldn't be easier and there are lots of varieties to choose from for autumn … It seems to prefer well-drained soil conditions although it responds well to a light top dressing of compost each spring. These are some of the most popular winter annual plants since they are able to survive most cold weather. Ours was threatened with being taken out when it was seven years old, but it bloomed heavily that year and has every year since. In fact, ours at the UBC Botanical Garden thrives in poor soil with absolutely no moisture retention. In the years since he’s quickly earned a reputation for high-quality work with creative designs and has been recognized in several industry-leading publications. 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