The country has an average yearly temperature of 26.5 C (79.7 F); May is the warmest month, while January is the coolest. Succeeding administrations focused on war rehabilitation. On July 4, 1946, the Republic of the Philippines was established. More recent immigrants include Chinese beginning in the ninth century CE and Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth. The Philippine-American War lasted three years and killed tens of thousands of Filipinos and about 4,000 Americans. These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. A dance group performs at the annual Lanzones Festival, which celebrates a tropical fruit of the Philippines. Chinese merchants arrived in the 8th century. The original inhabitants, the Negrito, number only about 15,000, consisting of about 25 tribes scattered over the islands. If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. A long time ago, the Philippines was apparently one single land. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! The first people in the Philippines were hunter-gatherers. Did you get it? In 1542, Spanish conquistador Ruy Lopez de Villalobos named the islands after King Philip of Spain. It was built in 1750 by Don Luis Rocha as a summer vacation house. ^ Scott, William Henry (1994). It was during this time that Filipino intellectuals who studied abroad, called illustrado, started to organise groups in Spain and publish their thoughts in newspapers condemning Spanish tyranny. Incentives to learn English, included recruitment into the civil service and study in the US. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean, south of Taiwan, east of Vietnam and northeast of Malaysia..See the fact file for more information on the Philippines. the archipelago has its biggest island, Luzon, followed by Mindanao in the south. The Philippines: Geography and Fact Sheet, Philippine-American War: Causes and Consequences, Biography of Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino Independence Leader, Country Profile: Malaysia Facts and History, A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, Biography of Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino Revolutionary Leader, 5 Countries Where Spanish Is Spoken but Not Official, Biography of Corazon Aquino, First Female President of the Philippines, Biography of Antonio Luna, Hero of the Philippine-American War, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University, Quezon City (within Metro Manila), population 2.9 million, Caloocan (within Metro Manila), population 1.6 million. All Filipinos gather with their family during Noche Buena on Christmas eve. Today the Philippines is an archipelago of 7,000 islands. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. History can also be written and this too, is literature. The records moved to Kansas City and St. Louis, Missouri, before the National Archives brought them to Washington, DC. (shelved 9 times as philippine-history) avg … To find out more, see our, Philippines Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com. In 1542, Spanish conquistador Ruy Lopez de Villalobos named the islands after King Philip of Spain. According to archeological evidence, the history of the Philippines dates back around 50,000 years. The primary industries in the Philippines are agriculture, wood products, electronics assembly, garment and footwear manufacturing, mining, and fishing. After the Constitutional Convention initiated by Cory Aquino, presidential terms are limited to six years. Barangay: Sixteenth Century Philippine Culture and Society. After the war, the War Department gathered more materials in the Philippines, Japan, and Korea. Rather than granting the archipelago independence, the defeated Spanish ceded the country to the United States in the December 10, 1898, Treaty of Paris. Filipinos | Spaniards | Americans | Other Nationalities Age of Exploration Journal of Antonio Pigafetta October 20, 1518 — September 8, 1522 Logbook of Francisco Albo, 1519 — 1522 Logbook of Esteban Rodriguez November 21, 1564 — February 20, 1565 Logbook of Jaime Martinez and Diego Martin November 21, 1564 — February 13, 1565 Logbook of… Read More »Diaries Timeline In 1935, Manuel L. Quezon, a former soldier and statesman, was elected as president. This approach has given me a framework with which to design our Philippine history studies. According to the World Bank, the country's GDP in 2008 was $168.6 billion US or $3,400 per capita; in 2017 it had grown to S304.6 billion US, a nominal growth rate of 6.7 percent, but per capita purchasing power has dropped with the population growth to $2,988 US. History of the Philippines . On June 12, 1898, the Philippines declared its independence from Spain with General Emilio Aguinaldo as its first president. The history of volleyball in the Philippines dates back to 1910. Much of Filipino cuisine is a fusion of all the cultures brought by long centuries of colonization. Manila is the capital with a population of 1.78 million (12.8 for metro area). More recent immigrants include Chinese beginning in the ninth century CE and Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth. Mindanao is the large island in the south. It is an archipelago consisting of some 7,100 islands and islets lying about 500 miles (800 km) off the coast of Vietnam. 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They were followed by an influx from Malaysia. A traitor for Americans, a hero for the Filipinos. An average of 6 or 7 typhoons per year strikes the Philippines. Each barangay was headed by a datu. The Negritos crossed prehistoric land or ice to settle in the islands' land. Fossils of homo sapiens in Palawan proved that the islands were inhabited for a long time. Bordered by the South China Sea to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. Being a brave soldier, every day he and his army fought relentlessly against the invaders, remaining unbeaten for a long time due to his mastery of the native long sword, or “tabak”, with the har… They were followed by an influx from Malaysia. The subject of Philippine history is much Charlotte Mason (CM) recommended the study of history to be chronological. The Philippines’ waters are an important part of the Coral Triangle. From 1965 to 1986, Ferdinand Marcos ran the country as a fiefdom. Revolutionary hero General Emilio Aguinaldo led the rebellion against American rule that broke out the following year. The Philippines has a population of more than 100 million people and with an annual growth rate of around 2 percent, it is one of the most populous and fastest growing countries on Earth. The climate in the Philippines is tropical and monsoonal. King Leopold II of Belgium was passionate … Filipinos celebrate Christian, Muslim and Chinese holidays to respect each religion. However it is believed that during the last ice age they were joined to mainland Asia by a land bridge, enabling human beings to walk from there. Current president Benigno Aquino III is the first president of the Philippines to be a bachelor and he … The country is an archipelago made up of 7,107 islands and is … The Philippians was the twelfth country in the world to reach this number.27. It is the only country in the world whose flag is flown upside down when the country is at war. Since 1863, the palace was occupied by 18 Spanish Governor-Generals, 14 American Governors and all Philippine Presidents. Aquino left office in 1992, and later presidents are Fidel V. Ramos (president from 1992–1998), Joseph Ejercito Estrada (1998–2001), Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2001–2010), and Benigno S. Aquino III (2010–2016). In 1935, US-educated pensionados (scholars) became leaders of the Senate and the Ho… A bicameral legislature made up of an upper house, the Senate, and a lower house, the House of Representatives, make laws. Electrical power generation from geothermal sources could become important in the future. It is intended to introduce them into the history of their own island country. To find out more, see our cookie policy. Due to early colonization by the Spanish, the Philippines is a majority Roman Catholic nation, with 81 percent of the population self-defining as Catholic, according to the Pew Research Center. ISBN 978-971-550-135-4. The Republic of the Philippines is a sprawling archipelago set in the western Pacific Ocean. They also began to introduce formal education and sanitation across the islands after bloody battles. After transitioning to the CM method, trying the prepared curriculum by Ambleside Online, and learning more abo… During the Spanish-American War in the late 19 th century, Spain ceded its control over the Philippines to the US under the Treaty of Paris. In 1542, Spanish explorer Ruy Lopez de Villalobos named the islands in the southern region Filipinas, after the King of Spain, Philip II. 1521 1521 1886 1901 1934 1946 Next: 1965-present About 25,000 B.C. It was purchased by the state in 1825 to serve as the Spanish Governor-General’s summer residence and became the official residence after the earthquake, which hit the main Governor’s Palace in 1863. In the Philippines, the Christmas season starts in September and ends with the Feast of the Three Kings early in January. Following WWII, the country was officially named the Republic of the Philippines. 42. Works of  Dr. Jose Rizal (today a national hero of the Philippines) inspired revolutionaries to take arms against the Spanish government. He also called the land Pinili (“The Chosen One”). More than 180 different languages and dialects are spoken in the Philippines. Ethnic and religious fault-lines that run through the country continue to produce a state of constant, low-level civil war between north and south. They are predominantly Shafi'i, a sect of Sunni Islam. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Philippines across 27 in-depth pages. That same year, the islands ceded to the United States as part of the settlement of the Spanish-American War. The highest court is the Supreme Court, made up of a Chief Justice and 14 associates. History provides valuable lesson of the past, which will help us in our action. Timeline: Philippines History, Part I Browse November to April is the dry season, with December through February also being the coldest part of the year. Ferdinand Magellan claimed the Philippines for Spain in 1521. One of the top facts about the Philippines is that while the national language is Filipino, the country features at least 87 regional dialects. Japanese troops invaded the Philippines for four years. Not ready to purchase a subscription? The Philippines as a Subject for Historical Study. Filipinos launched a war of resistance against American rule, which claimed the lives of tens of thousands of Filipinos. Sign Me Up. On July 4, 1902, the two sides agreed to an armistice. Many more recent immigrant groups also live in the country, including Spanish, Chinese, American and Latin American people. Filipino experience of Western colonialism and its linguistic effects has been unique, in that there have been two colonizers in succession: Spain from the 16c and the US from 1898, when English arrived in the islands. (PDF) PHILIPPINE HISTORY Pre Pre - -Colonial Period ... ... bleblebleah The unemployment rate is 2.78 percent (2017 estimate). The Philippines is the world’s second-largest archipelagic nation. There are many heroes in Philippine history, but none stands out like Rizal. Various organizations operating in the Philippines created the earliest records in what became the Philippine Archives Collection. Chapter I. … Abridged History of the Philippines. Americans employed military and civilian governments. 1.1 Philippine Geography, History, and Economy The Philippine archipelago is composed of about 7,100 islands and lies strategically within the arc of nations that sweeps southeastward from mainland Asia to Australia. Local historians characterized the Japanese era by millions of deaths and women abuse. Today, Filipino culture is characterized as a mixture of both East and West, with Western influence coming from Spain and the United States and eastern influence from its earliest trading partners like the Chinese, Javanese, Arab and Indian. He was forced out in favor of Corazon Aquino, the widow of Ninoy Aquino, in 1986. In 1965, Ferdinand Marcos was elected as president and he extended his term and ruled the country under martial law until he was ousted during the 1986 People Power. In 1565, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi formed settlements in the southern islands, now called the Visayas, which started Spanish colonization up to Luzon (northern region). This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! The Muslim population lives mostly in the southern provinces of Mindanao, Palawan, and the Sulu Archipelago sometimes called the Moro region. The Sulu Sea’s Tubbataha Reef is … Japan invaded the Philippines, leading to the deaths of over a million Filipinos. There are two old universities in the Philippines namely the University of Santo Tomas, founded in 1611, and the University of San Carlos, established in 1595, making them older than Harvard University, which opened in 1636. The Philippines and the US have a long history. Early Filipinos had their own system of government. 39, No. During the American period, American Governors lived there. In 1935, the Philippines was established as a self-governing commonwealth, with Manuel Quezon as its first president. People first reached the Philippines about 30,000 years ago, when the first people immigrated from Sumatra and Borneo via boats or land-bridges. From the 10th AD century Filipinos tr… You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards. The rise of powerful Buddhist kingdoms enabled trade with the Indonesian archipelago, India, Japan and Southe… The blue stripe symbolizes peace, truth and justice (the upward position when the country is at peace), while the red stripe represents patriotism and valor (the upward position when the country is at war). Apo, 2,954 meters (9,692 ft.); the lowest point is sea level. Its 7,107 islands are divided into three main geographical areas: Luzon is the large island in the north on which Manila, the capital city, is located. However between 3,000 BC and 2,000 BC people learned to farm. The Philippines declared its independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. Philippine History and Culture (Countries M - P Quiz Questions): This is a Quiz Focuses on Philippine History and Cul...: trivia questions, facts and quizzes Beautiful and fractious, the Philippines is one of the most interesting countries in Asia. The white equilateral triangle represents liberty, equality and fraternity. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean, south of Taiwan, east of Vietnam and northeast of Malaysia. A large number of high-skilled, as well as low … The current president of the Philippines is Rodrigo Duterte, elected June 30, 2016. Throughout the Spanish colonial era, the people of the Philippines staged a number of uprisings. Over 80% of the population is Christian while most of the Muslim population is concentrated in Mindanao. Earthquakes are common, and a number of active volcanoes dot the landscape, such as Mt. It spread rapidly, to the detriment of SPANISH, because it was the new language of government, preferment, and education. In 1941, Quezon’s administration was interrupted by World War II. In discovering the history of a race, the feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions of a people are sure to be included . The nation was slated to become fully independent in 1945, but World War II interrupted that plan. The Philippines is named after King Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) and it was a Spanish colony for over 300 years. Trial by ordeal and laws governed the people. Over time, social and political The History of the Philippines By Kathleen Nadeau Greenwood, 2008 Read preview Overview The Philippines Confronts China in the South China Sea: Power Politics vs. Liberalism-Legalism By De Castro, Renato Asian Perspective, Vol. According to statistics, universities in the Philippines are dominated by female students. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Some students believe that the study of history is just a test of memory. Other important figures in their early society included a babaylan, or priestess, who practiced medicine and spirituality, and a panday, or swordsmith, who made weapons and protected the barangay. The Spanish Philippines was actually controlled by the government of Spanish North America prior to Mexican independence in 1810. As early as 5,000 B.C., Austronesian people began to settle the islands and established maritime trading with neighboring civilizations in Southeast Asia. According to the 2000 census which is the latest available containing ethnic information, the majority of Filipinos are from various Malayo-Polynesian groups, including the Tagalog (28 percent), Cebuano (13 percent), Ilocano (9 percent), Hiligaynon Ilonggo (7.5 percent) and others. View Images. 10 ‘What If’ Scenarios That Would Have Changed Philippine History Forever . Today, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte serves as the 16th president of the Republic of the Philippines. The US under General Douglas MacArthur was driven out in 1942 but retook the islands in 1945. The president, vice-president and members of the lower and upper house are all elected by the people. The early governments struggled to repair the damage caused by World War II. The country's closest neighbors are the island of Borneo to the southwest, and Taiwan to the north. Sign Me Up, Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members.To edit this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start editing! The US government emphasized that it did not seek permanent colonial control over the Philippines, and set about instituting governmental and educational reform. Purpose of this Book.—This book has been written for the young men and young women of the Philippines. Unfortunately, Magellan was killed by a datu in the southern islands. 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