Cracking the Mayan Code 17 The Rise of Moctezuma 53. What is one reason Document A would be a reliable source to understand what happened when Moctezuma met Cortés? This intriguing book features details about these three incredible civilizations and explores how each of them fell when Spanish explorers found their settlements. As it goes, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, thereby setting the stage for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Primary Sources: Cortes Describes the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan, 1520 TOP: In his letter, Hernan Cortes described a marketplace like the one depicted in this diorama of the Tlatelolco Marketplace at Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois. Many are familiar with the popular tale of the meeting between Emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés. Moctezuma : Aztec ruler. They also mur- Document 3. Cortés then married Doña Isabel to another conquistador, with whom she had two children. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … View Homework Help - Aztec SHEG Voyages.docx from SOCIAL STUDIES 1H at Harriton High School. For the dedication of a temple, as many as … After leading the Aztecs for 17 years as a fair leader, Moctezuma's reign came to a dramatic close. The Conquest and Exploitation of the Americas. Amazon.com: Moctezuma: Aztec Ruler: World Cultures Through Time (Primary Source Readers) (9780743904575): Wendy Conklin: Books He probably died disgraced in June 1520. When? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. Who wrote Document A? Eventually, Cortés reached Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he finally met Moctezuma. Source #2: Cortés on Meeting Moctezuma (1520) There came to meet me at this place [on a causeway] nearly a thousand of the principal inhabitants of the great city, all uniformly dressed according to their custom in very rich costumes; and as soon as they had come within speaking ; … Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma II) was trained as a priest and rose to become leader of the Aztecs in 1502. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. Expand your classroom library with additional copies of each book included in the World Cultures Through Time kit. [Wendy Conklin] -- Moctezuma was the most famous ruler of the powerful Aztec empire. . Activities Using Primary Sources 15 Patolli Game 49 52. . Cortés' expedition arrived at Tenochtitlan, the Mexica capital, on November 8, 1519, taking up residence in a specially designated compound in the city. But they were also masters of the more peaceful arts, and were highly skilled in architecture, art, engineering, mathematics, and astronomy. The Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs were three groups of people found living in the ancient Americas, including the Andes Mountains and a city named Tenochtitlán. Description of Tenochtitlán, Excerpt from Hernan Cortes’s Second Letter to Charles V, 1520. Grade: 4-5. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . In one last, desperate attempt, Moctezuma sends sorcerers to cast a spell on the Spaniards. He is known primarily for having occasioned the greatest orgy of human sacrifice in Aztec history. In 1502 Moctezuma became the ninth emperor of the Aztec empire of Mexico. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). Mayas Life as an Aztec 49,Mayan Stela 15 16 Playing Patolli 51. Chapter 16 Primary Source Activity During this time, the people asked Motecuhzoma [Moctezuma] how they should celebrate their god’s fiesta. Primary Source Activity Lesson 2 Spain's Conquests in the Americas Cortés Arrives in Tenochtitlán In November 1519, Hernán Cortés and his men entered the capital of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlán. Biographical stories must be original and photoss must include documentation that the photos are the property of contributer and that he/she has given permision for us publish them. In this document, Cortés uses Moctezuma’s support during the conquest of Mexico to justify a substantial dowry containing lands, several ranches, and the labor of the Indians who lived there. He said: “Dress him in all his finery, in all his sacred ornaments.” During this same time The Sun [Pedro de Alvarado] commanded that Motecuhzoma and Itzcohuatzin, the military chief of Tlatelolco, be Aztec emperor Born: 1480? Painted in the seventeenth century, the eight detailed canvases tell the story of the 1521 Spanish conquest of the native Aztec people. Journey through history and explore the influence and contributions of key historical facts and figures, while reinforcing nonfiction reading skills with primary source readers. WEB Spanish Conquest of Native America; [At floridahistory] ; Aztec Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico, 1519 [At this Site] ; 2ND William Hickling Prescott: The History of the Conquest of Mexico, 1843 [At Virginia] Who was the recipient of Document A? At the time, the Aztecs controlled most of what is now Mexico and Central America, their capital being at the great city of Tenotchitlan (Mexico City). He described that there is even a room for dwarfs and giants, who serve as entertainment to Moctezuma. He may have been killed by the Spanish when they felt he was no longer useful. Aztec accounts of the event, compiled by Miguel Leon-Portillo shortly after and published as The Broken Spears , claim that Moctezuma (also Montezuma) believed Cortes was a god. Rediscovering the Mayas 15 Patolli Game Board 52,Mayan Vase Glyphs 17 20 Royal Headdress 53 54. Descendants of Aztec emperor Moctezuma II and Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés met in Mexico City on Friday to mark the 500th anniversary … How might this influence the content of Document A? He said: “Dress him in all his finery, in all his sacred ornaments.” During this same time The Sun com-manded that Motecuhzoma and ltzcohuatzin, the military chief of Tlatelolco, be made prisoners. This great city of Tenochtitlán is built on the salt lake, and no matter by what The largest Aztec market was located in Tenochtitlan's neighboring town, Tlatelolco. Almost constantly at war, the Aztecs had a large, expertly run army. Document A. But how does this compare to what the historical record tells us? Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. Prologue [edit | edit source]. According to Document A, what did Moctezuma say to Cortés? Moctezuma Meets Cortes - Nov 8, 1519 On November 8, 1519, Aztec Emperor Moctezuma and Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes met for the first time outside the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan. Chronologically organized chapters facilitate the book's assimilation into most course syllabi. (World Cultures Through Time) Primary Source Readers has 30 entries in the series Unhappily, Grado died the next year. First Read and take notes on Voyages pg 325 (15.1a-c) The Aztec Empire of … Ahuitzotl, eighth king of the Aztecs, under whose reign (1486–1502) the Aztec empire reached its greatest extent. However, to ensure the accuracy of our database, all vital information must include a primary or secondary source to be included for publication online . Florentine Codex is a twelve-book manuscript on life in the Mexica Triple Alliance that was researched and written by Mexica students. The Spaniards hanged a chief from Acolhuacan. The chief of the Aztec, Montezuma (referred to as Moctezuma or In the early 16th century, Spanish colonies were already well established in the Caribbean islands and they were turning their eyes westward. Moctezuma II was succeeded by his brother Cuitláhuac, then by his nephew Cuauhtémoc, the last of the Aztec emperors. Other sources claim he was killed by his own people, who felt he had lost them the empire. Moctezuma or Montezuma. Get this from a library! As a primary source, this is great evidence to prove the existence of the zoo. Moctezuma II & Cortes Primary Source Analysis. Guided Reading Level: M-R; Item Number: 10725; ISBN: 9780743907255; Price: $134.99. The Conquest of Mexico paintings are significant both artistically and historically. Start studying AP US History Exam Questions Period 1. Inca Creation Myth, written c 1556 [At Internet Archive, from CCNY] ; The Popul-Vuh [At Sacred Texts]; The Mayan Creation myth. Motecuhzoma [Moctezuma] how they should celebrate their god’s fiesta. Sources from both sides indicate that the first meeting was a friendly encounter … . (source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary Mexican History is a comprehensive and innovative primary source reader in Mexican history from the pre-Columbian past to the neoliberal present. Primary Source Readers: World Cultures Through Time Add-on Pack. Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he finally met Moctezuma chapters... 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