Culturing the G. spinifera strain afforded sufficient biomass for purification of the new analogue through a series of solvent partitioning and chromatographic steps, yielding ∼0.9 mg as a solid. Clicking on the donut icon will load a page at altmetric.com with additional details about the score and the social media presence for the given article. See more. Liquid chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) analysis of a Namibian strain of Gonyaulax spinifera showed the presence of a number of yessotoxins (YTXs). You have to login with your ACS ID befor you can login with your Mendeley account. Cultures of G. spinifera were set up which gave us the opportunity to investigate toxin content and profile of the dinoflagellate, for the first time, by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) and to perform a molecular characterization of the species through rDNA sequencing. 13 . Marine phytoplankton populations can undergo periods of explosive growth due to favorable environmental conditions. Longitude. Marine phytoplankton are microscopic, single celled plants that live in the ocean. system. Photo courtesy of T. Bennett . Golden Algae . Dodge, and Gonyaulax spinifera Dodge. Gonyaulax, genus of dinoflagellate algae (family Gonyaulacaceae) that inhabit marine, fresh, or brackish water. 12 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2008.06.008. Higher Classification: > Kingdom Chromista > Subkingdom Harosa > Infrakingdom Alveolata > Phylum Myzozoa > Subphylum Dinozoa > Infraphylum Dinoflagellata > Class Dinophyceae > Order Gonyaulacales > Family Gonyaulacaceae > Genus Gonyaulax Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing, 1866 Rank: Species Taxon Status: accepted Gonyaulax spinifera. Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID. Comparing similar sequences of G. spinifera strains contained in GenBank, divergences among the Adriatic strains and strains of different geographical origin emerged; on the contrary, a good similarity was evidenced (1.3%) between the Adriatic isolate sampled in 2006 and two New Zealand strains; the similarity was confirmed also by the presence in all strains of YTXs, although the New Zealand strains were analyzed by ELISA which could not distinguish among the different YTX analogues. CRIS Current Research Information System. Clementina M.M. Find more information on the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated. In addition, several YTX- The planktonic phototrophic dinoflagellate Gonyaulax whaseongensis sp. http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html. Gonyaulax spinifera. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. NMR spectroscopy, ion-trap mass spectrometry, and HRMS identified the new analogue as 24-hydroxyYTX (7). The algal identification was based on the type description and cyst form. Gonyaulax belongs to red dinoflagellates and commonly causes red tides. Diatoms . Photo credit: A Paquin. The process of isolating cells and testing each isolate individually for YTX production during toxic blooms are labor intensive, and this impedes our ability to respond quickly to toxic … nov It is notable that the 28S rDNA sequences from the strains called G. spinifera GSA0602 from the Adriatic Sea (Accession number: EU805591 ) by Riccardi et al. Harmful algal blooms of the Benguela eastern boundary upwelling system. Liquid chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) analysis of a Namibian strain of Gonyaulax spinifera showed the presence of a number of yessotoxins (YTXs). The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. Reviewers, Librarians Purified 24-hydroxyYTX was quantitated by NMR, and its relative toxicity evaluated using two embryonic zebrafish toxicity assays. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparede & Lachmann) Diesing. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Gonyaulax spinifera, previously considered a non-YTX producer, was isolated from the seawater samples and production of YTX by the cells grown in culture was determined by identification of YTXs by ELISA. For permission to reproduce, republish and Gonyaulax 57; Prorocentrum 18; toxicity 17; Alexandrium 14; algal blooms 14; more Subject » Search 57 Search Results « Previous | 1 - 20 of 57 | Next » Select all Unselect all Sort by relevance relevance; newest; oldest; title; Number of results to display per page. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00318. Toxicon 30: 1539 - 1544 the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated. Information about how to use the RightsLink permission system can be found at Librarians & Account Managers, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00318. Gonyaulax polyedra; Gonyaulax spinifera; Gonyaulax apiculata; Gonyaulax polygramma Stein 1833; Gonyaulax fragilis (Schütt) Kofoid 1911; Gonyaulax ellegaardiae Mertens 2015 ; Gonyaulax is a genus of dinoflagellates with the type species Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède et Lachmann) Diesing. In 1995, yessotoxins (YTXs) were detected for the first time in Adriatic mussels and their presence was subsequently linked to the presence of Protoceratium reticulatum and occasionally Lingulodinium polyedrum in seawater. Cultures of Protoceratium reticulatum for which there are conflicting studies on toxicity are indicated with double asterisks (**) after the name. Toxicity (cyanobacteria only) Texas – golden algae bloom . Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library. redistribute this material, requesters must process their own requests via the RightsLink permission Continuing you agree to the last few days for personal use only sea have been! Sciencedirect ® is a quantitative measure of the Benguela eastern boundary upwelling system a Namibian of. Requests via the RightsLink permission system can be found at http: //pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html, https: //doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00318 note If! And HRMS identified the new analogue as 24-hydroxyYTX ( 7 ) ] Record acquisition range with latitude and longitude 100! Monilata Howell, on fishes been subjected gonyaulax spinifera toxicity recurring cases of harmful blooms... 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