The stats of undernourished people are, ). We define policy in terms of the number of waste collection human resources cost, waste carrier’s vehicle cost and fuel cost. Two examples: Data-driven precision agriculture is the focus of a collaboration in which IBM and the Flint River Partnership (which includes the Flint River Soil and Water Conservation District, the US Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service, and The Nature Conservancy), together with the University of Georgia, are helping farmers in the Lower Flint River Basin of Georgia conserve water, improve crop yields and mitigate the impact of future droughts. Vitamin availability has been proposed to drive selection for vitamin dependence, in a process that links an organism's metabolism to the environment, but this has never been demonstrated directly. In addition, liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) analysis showed the presence of a mixture of six mono-rhamnolipidic and a di-rhamnolipidic congeners, confirming it as a rhamnolipid biosurfactant. Soil salinization has emerged as one of the prime environmental constraints endangering soil quality and agricultural productivity. A promiscuous cytochrome P450 aromatic O-demethylase for lignin bioconversion, Environmental Sustainability—necessary for survival, Dye sensitized solar cells based on Antarctic Hymenobacter sp. As such, IGES has conducted this preliminary analysis to understand the environmental and sustainability challenges associated with the crisis, and their potential solutions… Bangalore City – Development Challenges and Potential Solutions Bangalore has taken giant strides in the 21st century, emerging as the city of technology, industry, enterprise and above ... environmental sustainability, and conservation of natural resources can be taken up. Water is one of the world's most abundant natural resources but it is also fast becoming one of the most stressed. In doing so, essential understanding on the reference soil would serve to help upcoming soil survey initiatives, lessening bias and raising objectivity. Metagenomic analysis has recently identiﬁed, ). It likely exacerbated climate warming and may have intensified Deccan eruptions. The Partnership is also leveraging IBM SoftLayer® to manage data flows and automate irrigation recommendations, allowing farmers to determine how much water a specific crop needs at various stages of its life cycle. Fortunately, there is a wealth of one resource that we can use to be more efficient—information. large igneous provinces vs. bolide impacts). By setting and adjusting thresholds at key points, engineers can ensure that supply meets their expected goals. Plant recruits system (fertilization and time)-specific taxa due to differences in available nutrients and energy sources among different treatments during different growth stages. To devise a policy, it is necessary to investigate the trends and behaviour of people towards waste disposal. These and other cities around the world are increasingly using data to make better decisions and allocate resources to sense and respond to challenges in city infrastructure. Thus, we investigated bacterial community composition in soil treated with phosphate-based inorganic and organic fertilizers, in the presence of Vicia faba plants at flowering and fruiting time using NGS 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The new regulations in the code can help us be smarter and more resilient as we protect our natural resources. An IBM solution can help power utilities better integrate energy from solar and wind into their power grids. Plants are more sensitive to salinity as compared to, ). It is reported that Arctic’s ice has shrunk continu, Contribution of GHGs in global warming (F-gases -HFC, PFC, ). The last decade has been a period of tremendous growth for Africa—but the continent's challenges, stemming from an increasing population, water scarcity, disease, low agricultural yields, lacking infrastructure and other factors have impeded inclusive economic growth. Our growing city has to address many environmental issues: Not just preserving open spaces and natural habitats, but also providing responsible water stewardship and flood mitigation. As water stress, droughts, flooding, and failing infrastructure strain economies and quality of life in many regions of the world, the Digital Delta solution offers a smart model that is now being replicated for better water management in other areas of the world. Insect resistant Bt crops such as Bt maize and, Biological market share of agrochemicals (, ). The better strategies to examine RNA or DNA from soil allow us to understand the microbial diversity and features in the soil, which are challenging to identify by typical culture techniques. Genetic engineering along with several tools like, ). One example: Cities are “systems of systems”—with separate but interconnected challenges. As the world has become increasingly instrumented and interconnected, we are witnessing an extraordinary growth of “big data.” A range of technologies and capabilities—from cloud computing to analytics, from mobile and social platforms to cognitive learning—is transforming this data into a resource that can lead us to better choices and new opportunities for improving environmental sustainability. Microbes with resistant genes are isolated and are, ). Soil salinization has emerged as one of the prime environmental constraints endangering soil quality and agricultural productivity. It was noted from the study that bioformulations amended with biosurfactant (singly or in combination with BSP9) resulted in enhancement in the growth parameters of B. juncea as compared to untreated control. Low rainfall and high temperature in arid and semiarid regions lead to the development of secondary salinisation, thus making the problem more severe. ). The research seeks to proffer a solution to farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change and promote Agricultural sustainability in the face of climate change in dryland areas. The forests have a great role in the countries national economy, and provides livelihood for the local people through fishing, tourism, wood and non-wood products. THE CAUSES OF MASS EXTINCTIONS: HOW CAN WE BETTER UNDERSTAND HOW, WHY AND WHEN ECOSYSTEMS COLLAPSE? This modification yields a strain that overproduces the photoactive pigment lycopene. The five best strains (Acinetobacter pittii strain L1/4, A. pittii strain L3/3, Rhizobium pusense strain L3/4, Cupriavidus oxalaticus strain L4/12 and Ochrobactrum ciceri strain L5/1) based on the K-solubilising potential were identified by amplification, sequencing and bioinformatic analysis of the 16S rDNA sequences. Smarter energy ranges from providing the intelligence that enables us to manage our consumption of energy from any source to the use of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar. In the current study, a product was formulated by coating urea with bioaugmented zinc oxide (ZnO) to improve wheat productivity under a saline environment. Environmental change is one of the primary issues faced by the farming community. By modeling weather events, the Netherlands can determine the best course of action, including storing water, diverting it from low-lying areas, and avoiding salt-water intrusion into drinking water, sewage overflows, and water contamination. 6. Legumes such as Vicia faba is one of the essential functional group in intercropping and crop rotations due to its higher N fixing capacity. Crit Care Nurs Q. Fluctuation in composition and diversity of bacterial community was further supplemented by plant phenological stages. Potential of secondary metabolites synthesized by halotolerant plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (HT-PGPR) in the management of salinity stress in crops is gaining importance. Climate smart agriculture using plant growth pro, Examples of remediation of major contaminated sites by using microorganisms, Naturally occurring microbes with addition of, Acinetobacter baumannii, Burkholderia cepacia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter lwoﬃ, http://blog.agriv i.com/post/biofe rtili zers-an-innov, ). Eur J Plant Pathol, https ://www.un.org/sg/en/conte nt/sg/press -encou, http://www.unccd .int/Lists /SiteD ocume ntLib, availability in agricultural soils? Amended fuels like biodiesel-diesel blends and etha-, ). Here we investigate the origins of vitamin dependence, using an experimental evolution approach with the vitamin B 12 -independent model green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. We are recruiting research partners such as universities, development agencies, start-ups and clients in Africa and around the world to participate in this initiative. Agro-ecosystems are thus facing multitude of stresses, ). ... the environmental sustainability of renewable energy depends on many aspects in the entire lifecycle of the system, and not just in greenhouse gases emissions at the point of electricity generation. E. coli is first genetically engineered to heterologously express the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway from plants. To get a deeper look at the details of our P&G sustainability efforts, download our 2019 Citizenship report. Avoiding vehicular idle time and delays, such as those caused by weather conditions, road obstructions or accidents, reduces fuel consumption and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Digital Delta, a solution developed by IBM in collaboration with the Dutch Ministry for Water (Rijkswaterstaat), the local Water Authority Delfland, Deltares Science Institute and the University of Delft, is harnessing insights from big data to transform flood control and management of the entire Dutch water system. The results of different areas are illustrated, and the minimum cost is suggested, which enables the policy-makers to not only allocate optimal resources but also helps in ensuring a green and clean environment. Some cities using this solution have reduced response time by 25 percent. concerns regarding the environmental sustainability of prevailing practices. For more information on our 2030 goals, download our Ambition 2030 plan. Therefore, the current study suggests the application of BAZ-coated urea for enhancing wheat's physiology, antioxidant system, nutrient efficiency, and productivity effectively and economically. This paper fills this gap by proposing a systematic approach of analyzing the solid waste data based on waste profiles of residential grids in Jeju Island. To combat the problem of hidden hunger, there is, ). A new and darker understanding of environmental and sustainability education is thus developed: using the tripartite reaction pattern of denial, insanity and death to frame the narrative, the book subsequently examines the specific challenges of potentials of developing education and pedagogy for an age of mass extinction. The study classified biophysical and socio-economic indicators of vulnerability into exposure, adaptive capacity, and sensitivity to determine the level of farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change, which is important to agricultural sustainability. Maximum increment was achieved by plants inoculated with bioformulation that had BSP9 plus biosurfactant. One example is IBM's initiatives to help Africa tackle these challenges. This capability enables utilities to integrate more renewable energy into the power grid, helping reduce carbon emissions while significantly improving clean energy output for consumers and businesses. Anthropogenic activities coupled with rapid pace of climate change are the key drivers of soil salinity resulting in degradation of agricultural lands. We apply our expertise, research and technology to develop solutions that help our company, our clients and the world operate in ways that are more efficient and protective of the environment. These efforts reflect our longstanding commitment to environmental leadership and one of IBM's core business values “innovation that matters—for our company and for the world.” Examples of IBM solutions that are advancing sustainability follow. Fossil fuel consumption for supply of ener, ). Energy, water and sanitation, agriculture and human mobility are all critical aspects for economic and societal development. These smart grids use sensors, meters, digital controls and analytic tools to automate, monitor and control the two-way flow of energy across operations—from power plant to plug. The cities of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Montpellier, France, are working with IBM to make data-driven decisions to rapidly transform the way they provide water, transportation and emergency management. This article evaluates the ICU on four areas of environmental sustainability: energy, waste, toxic chemicals, and healing environment and provides concrete actions ICU nurses can take to decrease environmental health risks in the ICU. Eco-restoration of degraded land with the application of endemic plant species Overall, this chapter provides thoughts related to the soil metagenomics, its importance, and conventional methods of analysis, along with prospects and challenges of soil metagenomics. Although the interpretation of limited details has influenced microbial ecologists, the scope of methodological bias remains unfamiliar. Consequently, there is a need to integrate adaptation options into the community development process for Agricultural sustainability. Sundarbans are highly productive mangrove wetland ecosystems, contributing several social, financial and environmental benefits. The results suggest that an intense (2–5 °C) global warming would have lasted for several years after a Chicxulub-size impact mainly due to the greenhouse effect of tropospheric O3, which is produced via photochemical reactions associated with CO gas. The review documents prominent secondary metabolites from HT-PGPR and their role in modulating responses of plants to salinity stress. Though originally described as converting guaiacol to catechol, we show that this system efficiently demethylates both guaiacol and an unexpectedly wide variety of lignin-relevant monomers. Click for larger version. The World Bank estimates that global costs from leaky water pipes total $14 billion annually. Carbon Dioxide Information Analy, https ://www.dhush ara.com/Biocr isis/18/5/, and its mode of action. While the Netherlands has one of the best-monitored water systems in the world and collects large amounts of data, relevant data can be difficult to find, and the data quality can be uncertain. Proper implementation of the proposed resilient strategies i.e., incorporate all stakeholders to protect the forest, awareness programs, reduced forest dependency of local people, strengthen monitoring, ecological restoration, implementation of legal bindings, disaster management and adequate research and planning can be helpful for sustainable management of Sundarbans and similar mangrove forests around the world. A wide array of secondary metabolites such as osmoprotectants/compatible solutes, exopolysaccharides (EPS) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from HT-PGPR have been reported to play crucial roles in ameliorating salinity stress in plants and their symbiotic partners. Those interested to contribute a chapter can contact at firstname.lastname@example.org Emergency management offers geospatial intelligence and analytics to provide a central point of command for emergency management. Eradicating extreme poverty, promoting sustainable consumption and pro-duction, and managing the planet’s natural resource base for the benefit of all are the overarching challenges of sustainable development. In this direction, the literature on soil metagenomics and its usefulness is ever-increasing and so as its implementation experiences. These measures are poverty reduction, good agricultural practices and development of cattle ranches. Further, fertilizer treatments did not have a stronger effect on plant production as compared to the effect on microbial community, which highlights that organic fertilizers did not tend to increase plant production. The land and water we use for our food supply are both limited and at risk. The availability of infrastructural facilities which drives economic growth in the study area, enhance the coping capacity of the farmers to environmental change. Each domain draws upon engineers, natural and social scientists, designers, and arts & humanities to understand and address critical challenges. Rather than complex, customized projects, cities can begin getting insight from their data in a little more than a week. Cholesterol oxidase, a microbial enzyme produced, ). COD was purified 10.34 folds having specific activity of 12.37 U/mg with molecular mass of 54 kDa. Anthropogenic activities coupled with rapid pace of climate change are the key drivers of soil salinity resulting in degradation of agricultural lands. Deep Thunder weather forecasting technology is helping farmers in Georgia to conserve water and improve crop yields. If reports are to be believed, owing to global w, ). Every water-related event is critical and can impact businesses, agriculture, and citizens' daily lives. These results may contribute to the development of an exploration program of Antarctic resources, and offer the possibility to start the change in the energetic matrix in that remote area of the Planet, decreasing the environmental impact associated with the use of fossil fuels. It is giving researchers the ability to analyze and draw insight from vast amounts of data to develop solutions for Africa's most pressing challenges ranging from energy and water to transportation, agriculture and healthcare. Thus, the extent of farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change could be attributed to the availability of infrastructural facilities which is more in some areas than the other. Click for larger version. Home » Blog » Environmental & Global Sustainability Issues The rise of technological advancements and industrialization not only gave rise to our modern civilization, but it also gave rise to a wide range of environmental issues and global challenges. Water management provides the ability to use analytics and decision support to improve flood protection, water quality and integrated water resource management. Global carbon emissions are increasing due to, emission due to fossil fuel combustion hav, ). Using big data and analytics, we are creating smarter food systems across the value chain. In this background, an integrated approach is proposed, by refining the existing management and combining updated information through supplementary scientific studies and expeditions on mangrove forests. The study assessed the extent of farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change in the semi-arid region of Nigeria. Growing populations can strain the supply of clean water, while changing weather patterns challenge our ability to sustain agriculture through droughts or to prevent floods during storms. Climate chang. IBM scientists have built a system that automatically identifies, contextualizes, and displays data from multiple sources to reduce the time to identify the most likely contaminated sources by a factor of days or weeks. The study adopted a survey design and the method utilized for the study was a questionnaire administered to 400 farmers in the study area. The solid waste data, along with predictive analytics, help the municipality to devise customized policies for different residential grids. This scenario takes into consideration climate warming and cooling, sea-level changes, erosion, weathering, ocean acidification, high-stress environments with opportunistic species blooms, the mass extinction, and delayed postextinction recovery. Thus, the paper aims to suggest the number of resources which lead to a minimum cost and also ensure a certain level of hygiene in the area. In addition, HT-PGPR and their metabolites also help in prompt buffering of the salt stress and act as biological engineers enhancing the quality and productivity of saline soils. Following are some of the most common solutions to the environmental issue: Replace disposal items with reusable items. Environmental sustainability in the intensive care unit: challenges and solutions. In addition, HT-PGPR and their metabolites also help in prompt buffering of the salt stress and act as biological engineers enhancing the quality and productivity of saline soils. This new management system is helping address far-reaching concerns ranging from the quality of drinking water and the increasing frequency and impact of extreme weather-related events, to the risk not only of floods but also droughts. The planet's urban population is expected to almost double by 2050—to 6.4 billion people—and account for 70 percent of the world's population. Apart from stress responses PGPM also are respon, ). Challenges in Environmental Sustainability of renewable energy options in Singapore. UV11 (a bacterium that produces reddish colonies on agar) collected at Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica, were tested as sensitizers in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC). Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department, emissions. strain P45 protects sunﬂowers seedlings from, L.) plant assisted with bacterial consortium and fertilizer, https ://weath er.com/scien ce/envir onmen. The maximum potassium solubilisation was measured at 30 °C and pH 7 with glucose as carbon source. Organic fertilizers, especially vegetable tanned leather waste (VTLW), have a stronger effect on the composition and diversity of bacterial community compared to inorganic fertilizer (PT-triple superphosphate). Sci Soc 34(11):847–850 CAS Google Scholar AZ6-augmented ZnO (BAZ). Hence, these strains could be halotolerant KSB bioinoculants that can be used to protect plants against salt stress. IBM is also focused on helping address food-related crises after they occur. Microorganisms, particularly bacteria and fungi can, ). IBM is helping utilities in mature and emerging markets around the world add a layer of digital intelligence to their grids. This study examines the trends and changes in ﬁsheries originating from aquaculture production in Thailand and pr ovides These situations have the potential to affect thousands of people, leading to significant healthcare costs, loss of revenue for food companies, and—in the worst cases—death. It is now estimated that 34% of the total biodi, ). The application of these KSB strains significantly improved the shoot length, fresh weight, dry weight and chlorophyll contents of paddy plants grown under saline conditions. 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