About 760,000 children die from diarrheal diseases each year. The deadliest diseases in the world The invention of vaccines has considerably lowered the number of deaths caused by diseases. Boris Johnson will meet Ursula von der Leyen for talks over dinner, as time runs out to reach a trade deal. While most bug bites cause only mild symptoms, some bug bites can transmit disease. Some factors, such as an increasing life span, naturally increase the incidence of diseases such as CAD, stroke, and heart disease. Diarrhea is usually caused by an intestinal virus or bacteria transmitted through contaminated water or food. Sars causes sufferers to run a fever, have flu-like symptoms and have difficulty breathing. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease that destroys memory and interrupts normal mental functions. It is also known as coronary artery disease (CAD). In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or insulin can’t be used effectively. This is the world we now live in, and it is this world we need to be prepared for. Before being eradicated in the 20th century, smallpox was one of the deadliest diseases in human history. However, early detection can improve your outlook and reduce the symptoms of respiratory cancer. Diarrheal disease is the second top cause of death in children younger than 5 years. For others, including very young children and older adults, the flu can be more…. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia — 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases are in fact Alzheimer’s. Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease that primarily affects the lungs. A 2015 study reports that respiratory cancer accounts for about 4 million deaths annually. The Spanish flu is another pandemic that the world witnessed in the year 1918 also known as the 1918 flu pandemic. 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They are real diseases … But in fact, many of these types of diseases don’t rank in the top 10 causes of worldwide deaths. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 93 percent of people knew sudden numbness on one side was a stroke symptom. Back. close. Although it’s still the leading cause of death, mortality rates have declined in many European countries and in the United States. Tuberculosis (TB) is a lung condition caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Avoiding smoking and drinking in moderation can also help. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water to avoid transmitted bacteria, especially before touching your face and before eating. People who receive treatment within 3 hours of having a stroke are less likely to have disabilities. It’s a treatable airborne bacterium, although some strains are resistant to conventional treatments. If you think you’ve been exposed to TB bacteria, you can start taking a treatment medication called chemoprophylaxis to reduce the likelihood of developing the condition. 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In 2003 doctors from WHO became aware of the virus Sars, or severe acute respiratory syndrome. The latest U.S. government estimate is that between 100,000 and 240,000 Americans could die from the dangerous respiratory infection before the pandemic is brought under control. Quite possibly the worst disease known to man, according to CBS News, Smallpox killed about 500 million people between 1880 and 1980, when it became the first disease ever to be eradicated from Earth. 1. The best ways to prevent COPD are to stop smoking and to avoid secondhand smoke and other lung irritants. Cirrhosis is the result of chronic or long-term scarring and damage to the liver. VideoMy grandad’s ‘triggering’ 1960s race documentary, 'How my foot became anti-vaccine propaganda', iPhone helps me navigate the street without sight. In fact, strokes are the leading cause of long-term disabilities. The main causes are smoking, secondhand smoke, and environmental toxins. 1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a long-term, progressive lung disease that makes breathing difficult. When the blood vessels that transmit the blood to the heart are contracted then coronary artery disease takes place. Human infectious diseases may be characterized by their case fatality rate (CFR). The disease is endemic in animals in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Unfortunately, vaccines can’t protect us against all of them. Other risk factors for these cancers include family history and exposure to environmental factors, such as diesel fumes. Share. The top two deadliest, heart disease and stroke, have been the two leading causes of death in the world since 2000 and account for 65 percent of the 23 million deaths. Ultimately, the liver may stop working. Read about our approach to external linking. This causes the oxygen-deprived brain cells to begin dying within minutes. Risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease include: There’s not currently a way to prevent Alzheimer’s disease. The damage may be the result of a kidney disease, or it can be caused by conditions like hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. Copy link. VideoiPhone helps me navigate the street without sight. Good handwashing techniques can reduce the incidence of diarrheal diseases by 40 percent. According to the World Health Organization, the following would correspond to the five deadliest diseases of the human: Cardiovascular diseases. Leprosy is still prevalent today, but usually goes by the name Hansen's disease. Find out why the disease is so dangerous. In general, good health habits can lower your risk. Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, What You Should Know About Explosive Diarrhea, Why We Need to Talk About Our Fear of Death, Acknowledging You’re Going to Die May Be the Most Liberating Thing You Do, Worst Foodborne Illness Outbreaks in Recent U.S. History, eating a balanced diet that’s low in sodium and high in fruits and vegetables, smoking, especially when combined with oral contraceptives, poor air quality or frequent exposure to lung irritants, crowded childcare settings, which mainly affects infants, family history, with the AATD gene being linked to COPD, history of respiratory infections as a child, inheriting genes for the disease from your parents, being shut off from a community or having poor engagement with other people for extended periods of time, living in an area with poor sanitary conditions, age, with children being the most likely to experience severe symptoms of diarrheal diseases, regular use of certain medications like corticosteroids or drugs that suppress the immune system, fat accumulation around the liver (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease). 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