Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Fairbanks, Alaska. A necropsy will analyze teeth marks, overall measurements and DNA samples to see if the animal can be matched to the man's injuries. Most rabid wolf attacks occur in the spring and autumn periods. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. The 19th-century records show that between 1801 and 1825, there were 112 attacks, 77 of which resulted in death. [38] His findings are criticized for failing to distinguish between rabid and predatory attacks, and the fact that the historical literature contained instances of people surviving the attacks at a time when there was no rabies vaccine. Insp. They watch the herd from a distance, waiting for the flanks to open up when one of the adult oxen is distracted. As with defensive attacks, such attacks are not always pressed, as the animal may break off the attack or be convinced to look elsewhere for its next meal. A New Jersey family was fast asleep in their tent during a camping trip at Banff National Park in Alberta, Canada, when they were attacked by a wolf. The Welcome Mat. [10] Mech also noted that humans' upright posture is unlike wolves' other prey, and similar to some postures of bears, which wolves usually avoid. Conservation officers in northwestern B.C. Agonistic attacks are motivated not by hunger nor fear but rather by aggression; designed to kill or drive off a competitor away from a territory or food source. In an interview with the Eyeopener, Jon Stuart-Smith, a wildlife specialist from Parks Canada, said that “this is the first time that anybody has actually been attacked and injured by a wolf in a National Park in Canada.” The wolf that attacked the Rispoli family was euthanized by a wildlife officer from Parks Canada shortly after the attack. This one isn’t man versus wolf, really, but instead, it’s wolf … [19][21][22] While these practices have largely died out in Europe, they are still the case in India, where numerous attacks have been recorded in recent decades. HUNTING. Audience Relations, CBC P.O. A man was chopping wood outside his home when a wolf grabbed him by the throat. Parks Canada says wolf attacks are very rare - wild wolves generally avoid humans altogether. The oral history of some Indigenous American tribes confirms that wolves did kill humans. [31], In Iran, 98 attacks were recorded in 1981,[16] and 329 people were given treatment for rabid wolf bites in 1996. By the 1970s, the pro-wolf lobby aimed to change public attitudes towards wolves, with the phrase "there has never been a documented case of a healthy wild wolf attacking a human in North America" (or variations thereof[a]) becoming a slogan for people seeking to create a more positive image for the wolf. Prominent among them was zoologist Petr Aleksandrovich Manteifel, who initially regarded all cases as either fiction or the work of rabid animals. 2009 Youth Hunt. The B.C. [18][45] Following the Icy Bay incident, biologist Mark E. McNay compiled a record of wolf-human encounters in Canada and Alaska from 1915 to 2001. … 2011. His writings were widely accepted among Russian zoological circles, though he subsequently changed his stance when he was given the task of heading a special commission after World War II investigating wolf attacks throughout the Soviet Union, which had increased during the war years. Gray wolf attacks are rare because wolves are often subsequently killed, or even extirpated in reaction by human beings. [4] It is the most specialized member of its genus in the direction of carnivory and hunting large game. AD Part of Canada's Banff National Park reopened Tuesday after a man saved a family of four during a wolf attack last week, authorities said. A family of four from New Jersey — on a nice, relaxing camping trip in Canada — was attacked and nearly killed by a wolf while they were sleeping in their tents. Unlike with predatory attacks, the victims of rabid wolves are not eaten, and the attacks generally only occur on a single day. [28][29], As with North American scientists later on (see below), several Russian zoologists after the October Revolution cast doubt on the veracity of records involving wolf-caused deaths. [46], The first fatal attack in the 21st century occurred on November 8, 2005, when a young man was killed by wolves that had been habituated to people in Points North Landing, Saskatchewan, Canada[47] while on March 8, 2010, a young woman was killed while jogging near Chignik, Alaska. ", With files from Yvette Brend and Betsy Trumpener. 2005. Child-lifting by wolves in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. [36], There are no written records prior to the European colonization of the Americas. [6] They have powerful jaws and teeth and powerful bodies capable of great endurance, and often run in large packs. On the very rare occasion that a North American wolf bites a … We reserve the right to close comments at any time. Of these cases, only five were attributed to rabid animals. He was flown to Vancouver for medical treatment. Attacks whose victims had been threatening, disciplining, disturbing, teasing, or annoying attacking wolves, their pups, families, or packs are classified as "provoked", "defensive" or "disciplinary". [40] Although some North American biologists were aware of wolf attacks in Eurasia, they dismissed them as irrelevant to North American wolves. [37] Skepticism among North American scientists over the alleged ferocity of wolves began when Canadian biologist Doug Clarke investigated historical wolf attacks in Europe and, based on his own experiences with the (as perceived by him) relatively timid wolves of the Canadian wilderness, concluded that all historical attacks were perpetrated by rabid animals, and that healthy wolves posed no threat to humans. This is how arctic wolves hunt musk oxen. This view is not taught in wolf management programs. To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Conservation officers in northwestern B.C. Unprovoked attacks have been classified as "predatory"; "exploratory" or "investigative"; or "agonistic". Wolf attacks aren’t supposed to happen this way, but wolves don’t exactly act as expected in Northern Saskatchewan. 1997. Mech, L. D. (1998), "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?" McNay, Mark E. (2002) "A Case History of Wolf-Human Encounters in Alaska and Canada". In 2005, a Canadian man was attacked and killed by a wolf with up to 30% of his body missing from the corpse. Rajpurohit, K.S. This is the first time a wolf attack has been reported in a national park Incidents like these are extremely rare. When wolves do attack humans, they attack children in an overwhelming majority of cases. Jon Stuart-Smith, a human-wildlife conflict specialist with Parks Canada, told CBC that Friday's attack marked the first time a person had been hurt by a wolf at a national park. Another kayaker was attacked on the Anderson Islands, north of Bella Bella, while setting up his tent in July 2007. ", "I was terrified when I heard that — wolves don't attack, you know.". The wolf is usually understood as the reflection of man, with its aggression, impulses and weakness in sexual restraint. Tribes living in woodlands feared wolves more than their tundra-dwelling counterparts, as they could encounter wolves suddenly and at close quarters. [27] Around 82 people were bitten by rabid wolves in Estonia during the 18th to 19th centuries, with a further 136 people being killed in the same period by non-rabid wolves, though it is likely that the animals involved in the latter cases were a combination of wolf-dog hybrids and escaped captive wolves. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "A DEBATED ISSUE IN THE HISTORY OF PEOPLE AND WILD ANIMALS: The Wolf Threat in France from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century", Morti causate dal lupo in Lombardia e nel Piemonte Orientale nel XVIII secolo, "Dati Storici sulla Presenza e su Casi di Antropofagia del Lupo nella Padania Centrale". [1] However, the zoologist Karl-Hans Taake found evidence that many of the alleged French wolf attacks occurring during the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XV were actually carried out by big carnivores of other species which had escaped from captivity. [34] In the United Provinces, 624 people were killed by wolves in 1878, with 14 being killed during the same period in Bengal. They penetrate the interior of the herd to get to the weaker oxen within. Carnivore Attacks on Humans in Historic France and Germany: To Which Species Did the Attackers Belong? 2013 Bob Skinner Memorial Youth Hunt. Those with little prior experience with humans, and those positively conditioned through feeding, may lack fear. McNay, Mark E. and Philip W. Mooney. A wolf will attack a human as a defensive reaction. The gray wolf is the largest wild member of the canid family, with males averaging 43–45 kg (95–99 lb), and females 36–38.5 kg (79–85 lb). … Later testing showed the animal was "emaciated" and the attack was deemed "predatory. [15] In contrast, during "determined" predatory attacks, the victims may be repeatedly bitten on the head and face and dragged off and consumed, sometimes as far away as 2.5 km from the attack site, unless the wolf or wolves are driven off. Two fatal wolf attacks on humans have been recorded on the continent over the last 100 years, said Adrian Wydeven of the Timber Wolf Alliance. Experts categorize non-rabid attacks based on the behavior of the victims prior to the attack and the motivations of the wolf. A wolf attacked a Tok trapper on his snowmachine last week about 30 miles off the Taylor Highway, biting through the man’s parka and three layers of clothing to put a 3-inch gash on his arm. Matt and Elisa Rispoli of New Jersey were snoozing with […] In Hazaribagh, Bihar, 115 children were killed between 1910 and 1915, with 122 killed and 100 injured in the same area between 1980 and 1986. In the former area, 721 people were killed by wolves in 1876, while in Bihar, the majority of the 185 recorded deaths at the time occurred mostly in the Patna and Bghalpur Divisions. Cam Schley confirmed the animal was later shot. Nevertheless, they tend to fear and avoid human beings, especially in North America. [14], A worldwide 2002 study by the Norwegian Institute of Nature Research showed that 90% of victims of predatory attacks were children under the age of 18, especially under the age of 10. The victims of documented wolf attacks range from livestock to hunting dogs to pets. Gray wolf attacks are rare because wolves are often subsequently killed, or even extirpated in reaction by human beings. She said some residents have been nervous to let cats and dogs out in the yard, and watched children carefully as they went back to school on Monday. A stranger in a nearby tent helped Mr Rispoli fight off the wolf, and the family was able to flee. By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. A report was presented in November 1947 describing numerous attacks, including ones perpetrated by apparently healthy animals, and gave recommendations on how to better defend against them. Conservation Officer Service said the wolf was caught in a trap in Port Edward, B.C., late Monday afternoon. "Biology of the 'Beast of Gévaudan': Morphology, Habitat Use, and Hunting Behaviour of an 18th Century Man-Eating Carnivore", "Let's get real: beyond wolf advocacy, toward realistic policies for carnivore conservation", "Devils in the Darkness: The Korean Gray Wolf was a Terror for Miners", https://www.fws.gov/home/feature/2007/qandasgraywolfbiology.pdf, https://www.wolf.org/wow/united-states/gray-wolf-timeline/, Living with Wolves: Tips for avoiding Wolf Conflicts, (Case Study) Wolf Habituation as a Conservation Conundrum", Findings Related to the March 2010 Fatal Wolf Attack near Chignik Lake, Alaska, Review of Histoire du méchant loup: 3000 attaques de loup sur l’homme en France, XVe–XXe siècles (History of the big bad wolf: 3000 attacks on human beings in France, fifteenth–twentieth century by Jean-Marc Moriceau), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wolf_attack&oldid=992448337, Deaths due to animal attacks in the United States, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 09:23. 1999. "This wolf actually bit him, bit his leg ... it was unbelievable," Vandenberg said in an interview from her home Tuesday. [32] Records of wolf attacks in India began to be kept during the British colonial administration in the 19th century. The … This is consistent with wolf hunting strategies, wherein the weakest and most vulnerable categories of prey are targeted. In the early days of feudalism, it could be used to encourage peasants to accept the “protection” of a lord. The event was considered unusual and was reported in newspapers throughout the entire United States. United States Fish and Wildlife Service concludes that wolves are very shy of humans but are opportunistic hunters and will attack humans if the opportunity arises and advise against "actions [26] Although Italy has no records of wolf attacks after WWII and the eradication of rabies in the 1960s,[26] historians examining church and administrative records from northern Italy's central Po Valley region (which includes a part of modern-day Switzerland) found 440 cases of wolves attacking people between the 15th and 19th centuries. The Campfire. At least 72 people were bitten between 1992 and 2000. Even when pressed until the death of the victim, agonistic attacks normally leave the victims body uneaten, at least for some time. — here's how to live with them, after the animal attacked him in a front yard, CBC's Journalistic Standards and Practices. The resulting decrease in human-wolf and livestock-wolf interactions helped contribute to a view of wolves as not dangerous to humans. have killed a lone wolf they believe could be responsible for a rare, serious attack on a human. The man was bitten in the hand and head before other kayakers chased the wolf away. Mech, L. D.(1990) Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?. Journal of Wildlife Research 2(2):94–101. It was reported that days before two members of his camp had seen and fought off some wolves which were, it is now believed, scoping out the territory for food. Residents were warned to walk in groups and keep a close eye on their pets. [13] Also, rabid wolves attack their victims at random, showing none of the selectivity displayed by predatory wolves, though the majority of recorded cases involve adult men, as men were frequently employed in agricultural and forestry activities which put them into contact with wolves.[14]. As a result, wolves today tend to live mostly far from people or have developed the tendency and ability to avoid them. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. The reason for this is unclear, though it may be connected with the presence of jackals in those areas, as jackals have been identified as primary carriers. In some such cases, a cautious wolf may launch "investigative" or "exploratory" attacks to test the victim for suitability as prey. Lance Grangaard, 30, said he was “putting along” on his Ski-Doo Tundra on Thursday afternoon, coming down a frozen creek, when he saw the wolf out of the corner of his eye. Two years later a jury found that he had died from "injuries consistent with a wolf attack." Several non-fatal attacks including the April 26, 2000, attack on a 6-year-old boy in Icy Bay, Alaska, seriously challenged the assumption that healthy wild wolves were harmless. Unprovoked wolf attacks motivated by hunger are categorized as "predatory". Wolf attacks on people in North America are extremely rare," Schley said in a previous interview. [10], Cases of rabid wolves are low when compared to other species since wolves do not serve as primary reservoirs of the disease, but can be infected with rabies from other animals such as dogs, golden jackals and foxes. [14] Aside from their physical inferiority, children were historically more vulnerable to wolves as they were more likely to enter forests unattended to pick berries and mushrooms, as well as tend and watch over cattle and sheep on pastures. A New Jersey family is thanking their "guardian angel" after a man saved them from a wolf attack at Canada's Banff National Park. Please Read Before Registering. [33] In 1875, more people were killed by wolves than tigers, with the worst affected areas being the North West Provinces and Bihar. [12] Rabid wolves usually act alone, traveling large distances and often biting large numbers of people and domestic animals. An American family of 4 were enjoying a night of tent camping at Rampart Creek Campground in Banff National Park in Alberta, Canada on August 8, 2019 when a large wolf attacked them as they slept. [30] All mention of wolf attacks was subsequently censored. Parks Canada said the wolf attacked the man early Friday morning at the Rampart Creek campground on the Icefields Parkway north of Lake Louise. A statement said two wolves which were "obviously food conditioned and thoroughly human habituated" were later killed. [8] Wolf biologist L. David Mech hypothesized in 1998 that wolves generally avoid humans because of fear instilled by hunting. In the rare cases where adults were killed, the victims were almost always women. Wolves living in open areas, for example the North American Great Plains, historically showed little fear before the advent of firearms in the 19th century,[8] and would follow human hunters to feed on their kills, particularly bison. [48], Injuries to humans or their property from wolves, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLinnell2002 (. Survivors of rare wolf attack in Banff recount how animal tried to drag man from tent in middle of night. In the half-century up to 2002, there were eight fatal attacks in Europe and Russia, three in North America, and more than 200 in south Asia. -- Revisited. 2010 Youth Deer Hunt. Numerous attacks occurred in Germany during the 17t… The country with the most extensive historical records is France, where nearly 7,600 fatal attacks were documented from 1200 to 1920. Jon Stuart-Smith, a human-wildlife conflict specialist with Parks Canada, told CBC that Friday’s attack marked the first time a person had been hurt by a wolf at a national park. Puts your pet in stealth mode, but slows its movement speed by 40 %. In 2005 , a Canadian man was attacked and killed by a wolf with up to 30% of his body missing from the corpse. Their frequency varies with geographical location and historical period. [7], Wolf numbers consistently dropped across the US during the 20th century and by the 1970s they were only significantly present in Minnesota and Alaska (though in greatly reduced populations than prior to the European colonization of the Americas [41]). Chernobyl Wolves Battle Radiation. Past Hunting Indiana Youth Hunts. [1][2] There are few historical records or modern cases of wolf attacks in North America. "The wolf dragged him right down the cement in the front of his house to the grass ... that's the description we got. Wolf attacks are more likely to happen when preceded by a long period of habituation, during which wolves gradually lose their fear of humans. and D.K. The Rispoli family, who were attacked by a wolf in Banff National Park. Parks Canada says wolf attacks are very rare - wild wolves generally avoid humans altogether. [7] Wolves vary in temperament and their reaction to humans. The possibility of being attacked by wolves is a very powerful weapon to use to keep people from wandering off the manor. The injured wolf was later shot. Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted. And some of these attacks … Schley said the animal matches the colour, size and overall appearance of the wolf that bit a man in a residential neighbourhood on Friday. Butler, L., B. Dale, K. Beckmen, and S. Farley. [24][25] Numerous attacks occurred in Germany during the 17th century after the Thirty Years' War, though the majority probably involved rabid wolves. On Nov. 8, 2005, searchers recovered the body of a man in northern Saskatchewan. have killed a lone wolf they believe could have been responsible for a rare attack on a man last week that left him with "significant injuries.". People in Prince Rupert had reported multiple sightings of wolves in recent weeks, as well as several wolf attacks on cats and dogs. [39] Mr Clarke's view did, however, gain popularity among laypeople and animal rights activists with the publication of Farley Mowat's semi-fictional 1963 book Never Cry Wolf,[31] with the language barrier hindering the collection of further data on wolf attacks elsewhere. Parks Canada said DNA testing confirmed that a … [15][16] Experts in India use the term "child lifting" to describe predatory attacks in which the animal silently enters a hut while everyone is sleeping, picks up a child, often with a silencing bite to the mouth and nose, and carries a child off by the head. flown to Vancouver with 'significant injuries', Wolves on the rebound across B.C. Vandenberg said residents in both Port Edward and Prince Rupert have been posting sightings to a community Facebook group. McNay, M. E. (2007) "A Review of Evidence and Findings Related to the Death of Kenton Carnegie on 8 November 2005 Near Points North, Saskatchewan". Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem. If the wolf becomes rabid, it is going to be very dangerous and risk attacking anything in its path. Experts may distinguish between captive and wild wolf attacks, the former referring to attacks by wolves, while still of course wild animals, are kept in captivity, perhaps as pets, in zoos, or similar situations. "This is very, very rare. Youth Forum. Another reason why a wolf might attack a human would be rabies. Sharma. [16] Such attacks typically occur in local clusters, and generally do not stop until the wolves involved are eliminated.[15]. Cases of rabies in wolves are very rare in North America, though numerous in the eastern Mediterranean, Middle East and Central Asia. "As a … It was every bit as horrific as it sounds. Man in his 70s mauled by wolf in northern B.C. An old, female wolf bit the man before he stabbed the animal with his knife. [21] Further reason for the vulnerability of children is the fact that some may mistake wolves for dogs and thus approach them.[22]. His conclusions received some limited support by biologists but were never adopted by United States Fish and Wildlife Service or any other official organisations. that encourage wolves to spend time near people". Injured wolf attacks man in IN. [23] In Latvia, records of rabid wolf attacks go back two centuries. Wolves apparently develop the "furious" phase of rabies to a very high degree, which, coupled with their size and strength, makes rabid wolves perhaps the most dangerous of rabid animals,[11] with bites from rabid wolves being 15 times more dangerous than those of rabid dogs. In other words, unwisely encroaching on a wolf, threatening it, or doing the same to its young could lead to a wolf attacking. Forum Rules and Guidelines. within the last 20 years. Where From Do Wolf Worms Attack on Cats. Conservations officers in northwestern B.C. This was apparent in cases involving habituated North American wolves in Algonquin Provincial Park, Vargas Island Provincial Park and Ice Bay, as well as 19th-century cases involving escaped captive wolves in Sweden and Estonia. [16][35] Police records collected from Korean mining communities during Japanese rule indicate that wolves attacked 48 people in 1928, more than those claimed by boars, bears, leopards and tigers combined. “Despite efforts to combat this terrible affliction, research indicates Americans are far more likely to be ruthlessly slaughtered by one or more man-eating wolves than ever before,” said the study’s author, William Rhodes, adding that an estimated 1 in 3 Americans will suffer a wolf attack … “It was like something out of… Of the 80 described encounters, 39 involved aggressive behavior from apparently healthy wolves and 12 from animals confirmed to be rabid. Stay in the loop! While such attacks may still be dangerous, they tend to be limited to quick bites and not pressed. Similarly, in Lithuania, attacks by rabid wolves have continued to the present day, with 22 people having been bitten between 1989 and 2001. The man was advised not to go near the area, but did not heed the advice. The man, who is in his 70s, suffered injuries to his lower body after the animal attacked him in a front yard. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. However, the zoologist Karl-Hans Taake found evidence that many of the alleged French wolf attacks occurring during the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XVwere actually carried out by big carnivores of other species which had escaped from captivity. THE WELCOME MAT. Wolves are pack animals, which means that a wolf is not likely to be … I found two documented fatal - and tragic - attacks by wolves in North America. [3] Experts categorize wolf attacks into various types, including rabies-infected, predatory, agonistic, and defensive. In France, historical records compiled by rural historian Jean-Marc Moriceau indicate that during the period 1362–1918, nearly 7,600 people were killed by wolves, of whom 4,600 were killed by non-rabid wolves. [5] Although they primarily target ungulates, wolves are at times versatile in their diet; for example, those in the Mediterranean region largely subsist on garbage and domestic animals. The attackers in such cases seem motivated, not by hunger, but fear or anger and the need to escape from or drive the victim away. Wolf attacks are injuries to humans or their property by any subspecies of wolf. [17][18], Predatory attacks can occur at any time of the year, with a peak in the June–August period, when the chances of people entering forested areas (for livestock grazing or berry and mushroom picking) increase,[14][19] though cases of non-rabid wolf attacks in winter have been recorded in Belarus, the Kirovsk and Irkutsk districts, in Karelia, and in Ukraine. Examples would include a captive wolf attacking an abusive handler; a mother wolf attacking a hiker who had wandered near her pups; an attack on a wolf hunter in active pursuit; or a wildlife photographer, park visitor, or field biologist who had gotten too close for the wolf's comfort. It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. Attempted depredation of a child by a Gray Wolf, Canis lupus, near Icy Bay, Alaska. In France, historical records compiled by rural historian Jean-Marc Moriceau indicate that during the period 1362–1918, nearly 7,600 people were killed by wolves, of whom 4,600 were killed by non-rabid wolves. The New Jersey man was camping with his wife and two children when a wolf attacked him on Aug. 9, officials say. Hirchert told USA TODAY NETWORK-Wisconsin in July there is no history of humans being attacked … [7] Mech speculated that attacks are preceded by habituation to humans, while a successful outcome for the wolf may lead to repeated behavior, as documented especially in India. "One witness had a look at it and they believe it's the same wolf that was responsible for the attack, but then there's lots of wolves that can be of similar size and colour to this one so we want to make sure it's the right wolf," Schley said Tuesday. Ambio 28(2):162-166. Considered a deceitful, viscous predator, the idea of a wolf hidden in the wild (unconscious) that indicates all the wrong impulses that men inherit such as … The Soviet authorities prevented the document from reaching both the public and those who would otherwise be assigned to deal with the problem. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGraves2007 (, Jhala, Y.V. THE CAMPFIRE. Child lifting: Wolves in Hazaribagh, India. Port Edward man mauled by wolf in rare attack flown to VGH for surgery Back to video Russ’ screams for help meant the Moores, both trained in first aid, sprang into action. Politics. Comments are welcome while open. Schley said a necropsy is scheduled for the wolf Wednesday to determine whether the dead animal was the one that attacked the man. The conservation service said there have been just two documented wolf attacks on people in B.C. A kayaker sleeping outside his tent on Vargas Island, near Tofino, woke up to find a wolf dragging him and his sleeping bag away from the campfire in July 2000. have killed a lone wolf they believe could have been responsible for a rare attack on a man last week that left him with "significant injuries." In a rare encounter, an elderly man was attacked by a wolf outside a home in Port Edward in British Columbia, Canada, on Friday night (May 29). Margo Vandenberg, who lives in Prince Rupert, B.C., is the second cousin of the man who was attacked. [9] In contrast, forest-dwelling wolves in North America were noted for shyness. [20] Wolves with pups experience greater food stresses during this period. Between April 1989 to March 1995, wolves killed 92 people in southern Bihar, accounting for 23% of 390 large mammal attacks on humans in the area at that time. A stranger in a nearby tent helped Mr Rispoli fight off the wolf, and the family was able to flee. 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