It turns out that the Book of Isaiah is perhaps the most reliable book (in terms of textual preservation) in the entire Old Testament. [Isaiah 42:2]. Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and Warner,- And as one who invites to God by His leave, and as a lamp spreading light. The Qur’an mentions this conquest: When the victory of God has come and the conquest, And you see the people entering into the religion of God in multitudes, Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. ( تسجيل خروج   /  The writers of the New Testament claim that prophecies about Jesus can be found throughout the Old Testament, and yet in none of these prophecies is Jesus mentioned explicitly by name. 2- He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. It was called an island because of how isolated it was from the outside world. Mom makes $30K a year off 'dangerous' hobby. He was the founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, and under his rule the empire expanded vastly. 31 – Sunan Al Daarimi, Hadith no. A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. Muslim apologists have an answer to this. The first thing to note is that the Old Testament associates Cyrus as a fulfilment of prophecy in Jeremiah, not Isaiah (“to fulfill the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah”). So if Prophet Isaiah was intended to be the servant of Isaiah 42 then it’s reasonable to assume that he would have been identified by name there as well, just like he is above in Isaiah 20. Samuel By comparison, Jesus did not triumph over his enemies; according to Christians he was crucified by them. He will punish those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. If a prophecy causes confusion, or raises more questions in the minds of its recipients, then that defeats the purpose of prophecy. إملأ الحقول أدناه بالمعلومات المناسبة أو إضغط على إحدى الأيقونات لتسجيل الدخول: أنت تعلق بإستخدام حساب Charles Boutell, p. 386. Not only did Prophet Muhammad conquer Mecca, the Pagan capital of Arabia, but by the end of his life, in just 23 short years of Prophethood, Arabia had shunned idol worship and now worshipped the One true God of Abraham. So which Person in history of humanity, came to the land of Kedar and put the idol worshipers to shame? A careful analysis of the characteristics of Isaiah 42 shows that all the candidates typically put forward – Cyrus the Great, Isaiah himself, the Messiah and the nation of Israel – fall short in satisfying the characteristics. And I had pity. 1. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Any of his people among you may go up to Jerusalem in Judah and build the temple of the Lord, the God of Israel, the God who is in Jerusalem, and may their God be with them.’” [Ezra 1:1-3]. It is also said that the idolaters will be “turned back in utter shame”: I am the Lord; that is my name! Muslim's claim that Isaiah 42 is a prophecy of Muhammad. 2020 (1066) tháng năm 2020 (2) tháng một 2020 (1064) Four Big Benefits Of Bucceto’s Smiling Teeth Pi... নিউজিল্যান্ড থ Bukhari 3:335 You are neither … Ezekiel Also, the Prophecy mentions the universal Message of this Person Isaiah 42:4 “He will not Fail or be discouraged till he has established Justice in the Earth”, Isaiah 42:11 “Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices, let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice, Let the people of Sela sing for Joy, Let them shout from the Mountaintops” who is Kedar? The tribe seems to have been one of the most conspicuous of all the Ishmaelite tribes…” [12], The Keil-Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament discusses Isaiah’s use of Kedar: “The name Kedar is here the collective name of the Arabic tribes generally” [13]. When we look to the Old Testament itself we will see that this cannot be the case. One such reference is found in Sūrah al-aʿrāf v.157, where the coming of an “ummiyy” prophet is said to have been prophesied in the Hebrew He cometh with ten thousands of holy ones to execute judgement upon all, and to destroy [all] the ungodly: and to convict all flesh of all the works [of their ungodliness] which they have ungodly committed, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners [have spoken] against Him.”. By “laying waste of mountains and hills” and “drying up all their vegetation”, the reference is probably to the great changes which God would make in the pagan world. This is according to the Jewish Study Bible: The identification of the servant in these verses is hotly debated. From this angle S.A.L.A.M attempts to ‘deconstruct false narratives and reconstruct purer mindsets. From the brothers of the Israelites: Abraham had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac (Genesis 21). Chapters 40-55 are known as "Deutero-Isaiah" and date from the time of the Israelites' exile in Babylon. The New Testament has Jesus moving within ancient Palestine, in places like Nazareth and Bethlehem. Isaiah goes on to make it even more explicit: Who handed Jacob over to become loot, and Israel to the plunderers? Third, these same Jews not only reject the Christian view of Jesus as the Messiah, they also reject Muhammad’s understanding of Jesus’ messiahship, and even reject Muhammad himself as a genuine prophet of God. Nathan Let the people of Sela sing for joy…“. This happened in Syria, Egypt and Spain. with considerably less excitement than Zaman brings to it, … The latest so-called "Biblical prophecy of Muhammad" is Isaiah 42, which mentions "Kedar" and "Sela." Ishmael was one hundred thirty-seven when he died. Historically we know that Cyrus died at the hands of his enemies in battle. Isaiah prophesies of a time when the Prophet, a servant who has wisdom, understanding and knowledge, will open the eyes and ears of God’s blinded and deaf servant Israel. Also it’s interesting to note that the personality and character of Prophet Muhammad is exactly as this verse describes, his companions bore witness to the fact that he was soft in speech and did not raise his voice in markets [3]. The answer is that the learned Jews were aware of this prophecy in Isaiah and were anxiously awaiting the coming of a new prophet. 3193, Hadith scholar Hussain Salim Asad al-Darani in his book on the evaluation of Musnad al Daarimi declared this narration’s chain of transmission to be Hasan (good), see no. 49:1-6; Is. At the same time, Jesus said that he just came to fulfill the law, not that he will have a new detailed law as the case of Moses and Muhamma… 3 – Bukhari Kitaab al-Buyu’ (Book of Sales and Trade) Chapter 50 (The dislike of raising voices in the market). These are a people that had not received any revelation before this. I will not yield my glory to another or my praise to idols. Hebrew commentators of the Old Testament interpret this judgement to be comprehensive in the sense of a complete way of life, which is what Islam represents. An important point worth mentioning is the presence of various Jewish tribes in Madinah before the advent of Muhammad. Not a methodical approach by any means. The Jerusalem Talmud, also known as Talmud Yerushalmi, is a collection of fourth and fifth century Rabbinic commentaries. If the reader is still not convinced in spite of all the evidence that the Prophet can be none other than Muhammad, peace be upon him, then perhaps they should reflect on this prophecy that has remained unfulfilled for thousands of years. 43 – See “The Great Isaiah Scroll” online here:, SALAM Initiative, Kemp House 152 - 160 City Road, London, England, EC1V 2NX. This is exactly what happened when Prophet Muhammad arrived in Madinah, its inhabitants were overjoyed and cried out in happiness: I never saw the people of Madinah so happy with anything as they were with his arrival. To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house. According to commentators on the Bible this word “has in the total context of this passage almost the sense of ‘revelation’” [7]. 21 – Tirmidhi, Book of the Description of the Day of Resurrection, Softening of Hearts, and Piety, Hadith 2409. We can’t have one set of standards for Muhammad, and another for Jesus. Both Jews and Christians understand this passage as referring to a future time when the Messiah will come in judgment. When his enemies realised that nothing would discourage him from preaching his message, they turned to more aggressive tactics. Today there are over 2 billion Muslims in the world, that’s 1 in 4 people on earth (please click on picture to enlarge): Here Isaiah, in Biblical language, is asserting that the foretold servant will triumph against the enemies of God. Yet the general theme that runs throughout Isaiah 42 is the rejoicing and singing of God’s praises by the people of earth because they have been guided away from the darkness of idolatry into the light of the worship of God: …In his teaching the islands will put their hope. God uses that person as an instrument to wipe out evil and manifest His judgement on evil doers. The main proof of Muhammad’s Prophethood, peace be upon him, is and forever will be the Glorious Qur’an which was revealed by God to him through the angel Gabriel. Notice that Isaiah states that the islands will put their hope in his law, implying he will bring forth something new, something different, as the Law of Moses already existed at the time Isaiah made this prophecy. [Numbers 10:12]. 7- to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness. Islam claims Isaiah 42 refers to Muhammad. Which Prophet or Messenger of God ever travelled to Edom and was received by overjoyed people? Abdullah September 20, 2014 at 6:52 pm In the name of Allah,the most Gracious,the most Merciful. If we look to classical Jewish Old Testament commentators on Isaiah 42, we find that there is diverse opinion on the identity of God’s coming servant. 18 – Click on this link to go to Google Maps. When so used, ‘Torah’ refers not only to the five books of Moses, but also to the Prophets, Holy Writings, Talmud, and Midrash — In fact all religious writings from earliest times to the present.” [42]. Messenger of God!’ [22]. We shall follow him and with his help we shall obliterate you as the ‘Ad and Iram were obliterated…’ [36], Is it not a sign to them that the learned men of the Children of Israel knew it (as true)?” [Chapter 26, verse 197], Those to whom We have given the Scripture recognise him [Muhammad] as they recognise their [own] sons.” [Chapter 6, verse 20]. [42:7], Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise from the ends of the earth… [42:10], Let the wilderness and its towns raise their voices… rejoice… sing for joy… let them shout from the mountaintops. and begged me for his gods. Read … Isaiah 42 was not referring to Muhammad. These state that as well as there being a presence of a number of large, powerful Jewish tribes residing in and around the city of Medina, there was even a huge Jewish settlement in Arabia called Khaybar. Amos We can learn more about these Jewish tribes of Arabia by looking to early Islamic sources. Moreover it has been shown that it is impossible for Isaiah 42 to refer to Jesus. Many respectable Bible commentaries interpret the four spirits (‘ruwach’) as four angels. In this post, I’d like to show how Muhammad does not fit this passage. It can only be Prophet Muhammad PBUH. We will go through Isaiah 42 line by line and analyse the verses to see how they relate to Muhammad. This prophecy was told in the Hadiths, there is a lot of variation between it and what is said in Isaiah, but textual variants are present much in the Bible, and there are many inaccurate quotes of the Old Testament made by writers of the […] Chapter XVI The Pre-Islamic World. Prophet Jesus PBUH Never put idol worshipers to Shame. We can also place the location of the descendants of Ishmael, known as Ishmaelites, to Arabia. Successors to Hadrat Muhammad, sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, and the Promised Messiah, ‘aliahisalam. 26 – Christopher Beckwith, Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, p. 63. In fact it’s very contrived, and in spite of best efforts it still doesn’t work when we take the whole of Isaiah 42 in context. Another point is that the islands are said to put their hope in his new Torah in the future tense, again implying it is a new law and therefore can’t be a reference to the Torah of Moses which already existed at the time that Isaiah made this prophecy. [Isaiah 42:17], Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise from the ends of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that is in it, you islands, and all who live in them. Now Isaiah 42 simply cannot apply to the second coming of Jesus. Many manuscripts are fragmentary, however the Book of Isaiah can be found in its entirety and is virtually identical to what we have of the Book of Isaiah today [43]. Here, Isaiah is conveying God’s plan in figurative language. Trump wants her fired. Zephaniah Muhammad conveyed God's message to leave idolatory and paganism, and return to monotheism. The place being spoken of is actually the city of Madinah because ‘Sela’ is the name of a famous mountain in Madinah. If you [disbelievers] seek the victory – the defeat has come to you… [Chapter 8, verses 17-19], “…make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles”. Moreover, it mentions a very specific place called ‘Sela’ which is a Mountain in Medina, Literally next to Prophet Muhammad’s Mosque! 36 – Rodinson, Maxime, Mohammed, (Pelican, London, 1973), p.143, quoting the Sira of Ibn Hisham. Isaiah 42:4 “..and the Coastlands shall wait for His LAW” the Hebrew word here is ‘Torah’ which means a Law. About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”). The acts mentioned in the prophecy could either be spiritual or physical, Muhammad could do neither, which leaves us with some one else which can do such things. Micaiah Another reason why this verse in Isaiah cannot apply to Jesus is that his people, the Israelites, had already received the Torah and a multitude of Prophets from God. Sebeos, a 7th century Armenian bishop and historian, when describing the Arab conquest of his time, wrote that the Arabs “assembled and came out from Paran” [9], Professor Haseeb Shehada, an Israeli scholar and professor, in his translation of the Samaritan Torah suggested an identification of the wilderness of Paran with the desert of Western Arabia which is known today as Hijaz. Prophet Muhammad survived several attempts at his life, until he completed his mission and established justice by judging people according to the laws of God. Did Isaiah 42 (Bible) Describe Muhammad? Now if Kedar has no significance in the verse, then there is no certainty as to which site is being mentioned. Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations. For example, Isaiah 42 states that the servant will not cry out: He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. One of the startling discoveries among the Dead Sea Scrolls were the presence of apocryphal texts not found in the modern Old Testament. This description is very characteristic of Prophet Muhammad’s gentle nature which the Qur’an bears testament to: It was by the mercy of God that you were gentle with them (O, Muhammad) for if you had been harsh and hard of heart they would of dispersed from around you. In the Qur’an God commanded the Muslims to go on a rescue mission: Why should you not fight in God’s cause and for those oppressed men, women, and children who cry out, ‘Lord, rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors! It contains a positive endorsement of the mission of Muhammad and an affirmation of the divinely mandated role of the Arabs in saving the Jewish people from persecution: When he saw the kingdom of Ishmael that was coming, he began to say: ‘Was it not enough, what the wicked kingdom of Edom did to us, but we must have the kingdom of Ishmael too?’ At once Metatron the prince of the countenance answered and said: ‘Do not fear, son of man, for the Holy One, blessed be He, only brings the kingdom of Ishmael in order to save you from this wickedness. Chief of these is that: The Lord will march out like a champion, like a warrior he will stir up his zeal; with a shout he will raise the battle cry and will triumph over his enemies. Let the people of Sela sing for joy; let them shout from the mountaintops. Let’s consider the entirety of the verse of Isaiah in question: Now, if Isaiah had intended to identify the Sela of Edom, then he would have mentioned the rejoicing of the Edomites, not Kedar. Here Isaiah must be referring to a new book of revelation that this special person will be given. He raises up over them a prophet according to his will and will conquer the land for them and they will come and restore it in greatness, and there will be great terror between them and the sons of Esau.’ Rabbi Simon answered and said: ‘How do we know that they are our salvation?’ He answered: ‘Did not the Prophet Isaiah say thus: “And he saw a troop with a pair of horsemen, etc.”’ [41]. 3- A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. 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